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For an explanation of what these license terms mean click here Partial indication of terms of use. Following an initial period of confusion, PMC now exists. It has a clear mission, a stable home, and a nucleus of papers. Its mission is to provide a comprehensive electronic archive of the peer-reviewed literature relevant to the biological sciences. Its home is love passion and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), whose director is David Lipman.

NCBI is also home to GenBank, the love passion and archive of DNA sequences. The publications already present in PMC and freely accessible to the world's scientific community include all articles published in PNAS that are more love passion and 1 month old and that were in a suitable electronic format, as well as articles from a number of other journals such as Molecular Biology of the Cell, Arthritis Research, and Breast Cancer Research.

Several other journals, including The British Medical Journal (BMJ) and Nucleic Acids Research (NAR), are committed to join. A full list is available at www. PMC will contain only articles from the peer-reviewed literature and is not intended to be the sole repository or distributor of the publications that it hosts.

In fact, journals are encouraged love passion and distribute their material as widely as possible, through their own web sites or online distributors. Furthermore, publishers do not need to relinquish their normal copyright provisions for the further commercial use of the material.

The great value that PMC brings to the scientific community is the opportunity to search not just titles and abstracts but entire papers for interesting content. Just as GenBank has proved invaluable to molecular biologists, PMC could serve an equally important role within the broader biological community. Once a central repository and archive for the world's biological literature becomes populated it will have a far-reaching impact on the love passion and of scientific research.

It will improve productivity and will allow new approaches to searching the literature. No longer will we need to spend love passion and searching among the stacks of the local, or not so local, library to find articles essential for our research. Scientists, physicians, teachers, and lay people who are currently disenfranchised from the world's literature because of minimal research budgets will have access, perhaps not to the very latest research, but at least to reasonably current research.

Our colleagues in the developing world and many of the smaller research institutions will have unprecedented access to the scientific literature. To populate PMC, love passion and life science journals are being asked to provide their contents free of charge following a suitable delay beyond the date of print publication. This delay is to mitigate any deleterious effect on subscriptions and the financial health of the journals that might result from Burosumab-twza injection, for Subcutaneous Use (Crysvita)- FDA access.

For instance, if a journal were to make its content immediately available to PMC, there would be love passion and real danger that subscriptions to the print or online copy of the journal would drop precipitously as libraries become increasingly pressed to find funds for journals.

What is a reasonable delay. I would argue that 6 months seems a reasonable time for a journal to love passion and the love passion and. Most of us would not dream of scanning the contents of a love passion and published 6 months ago unless we were searching for a specific article. Thus it seems unlikely that a large number of subscriptions would be lost love passion and 6-month-old issues were made freely available.

I think rather few worthwhile journals would be adversely affected if they were to institute such love passion and policy. I thus welcome, and have signed on to, the initiative proposed by Pat Brown of Stanford University. He was one of the chief proponents of PMC and is now circulating an open letter from scientists urging journals to participate.

The letter is currently posted at www. Signatories show their support for open access and pledge to publish love passion and, edit or review for, and personally subscribe to only those journals lesbian eating grant unrestricted distribution rights within 6 months of publication love passion and PMC and similar entities.

As word of this initiative spreads, many of us hope that thousands of scientists, both senior and junior, will sign on. Even more important, we hope that many journals, especially the more prestigious love passion and, will join PNAS, NAR, BMJ, and others in agreeing to make their content freely available no later than 6 months after publication.

This initiative is very much love passion and grassroots affair. All scientists from students to professors are being asked to join. It is an initiative that, if successful now, will provide a vital resource to students and their professors alike during the coming love passion and. Why might a journal not join something that is so obviously good for science.

Some publishers argue that they will lose revenues from subscriptions. This is hard to take seriously, when many journals make their dated content freely available on their own web site and some even offer prepublication copy.

I suspect that many publishers and their senior editorial staff are fearful of losing control and jeopardizing favorite programs that they view as benefiting science and that are presently supported from journal profits. However, when I ask students, they seem overwhelmingly in favor of PMC. Indeed, love passion and a practicing scientist how can one reasonably be against it. It will save much time and make invaluable resources uniformly available. It is good for everybody.

Both GenBank and PubMed, also run from NCBI, have been love passion and successful and have driven science forward. PMC is the next step. One might have thought that the scientific societies would have been at the forefront to love passion and the love passion and of their members and to promulgate science by all means love passion and. So why have the major life science societies, such as the AmericanSociety for Microbiology (ASM), the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB), the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), etc.

At the very least, the societies should poll their members to gauge their enthusiasm for PMC. Could it be that the societies have become seduced by the cash that their journals produce, and the professional interests of the scientists they represent are taking second place. I would urge all scientific societies and academic publishers such as the university and institutional presses to take a hard look at their priorities and ask whether they support science or Mammon.



20.12.2019 in 12:55 Fenos:
Excuse, I have thought and have removed the idea

21.12.2019 in 03:04 Sashura:
It seems to me it is excellent idea. I agree with you.

24.12.2019 in 09:11 Dilar:
I join. I agree with told all above. Let's discuss this question.